For the past couple of years, we have seen tremendous growth in demand for organic farms and organic farmers. This is all due to the fact that new and more innovative research has been made in agriculture. Organic farming is consistently replacing conventional methods of farming. Now the question arises, How much scope does organic farming have in India?
First, let us get a brief introduction to organic farming. Organic farming mainly focuses on maintaining and increasing sustainability and good soil of farms while also avoiding harmful chemicals.
Organic food is grown and processed without using any synthetic fertilizers or pesticides.
If you want to know more, visit what is organic farming?
Organic farming may be a sort of agriculture practiced by early farmers for thousands of years.
If you want to know more about the history of organic farming, visit the history of organic farming
WHY SHOULD YOU START ORGANIC FARMING IN INDIA?
- The government of India prioritizes the development of both environment and agriculture and organic farming focuses on these two key aspects.
- Organic farming uses bioproducts that are safe for the environment and soil.
- There is no requirement for the utilization of imported synthetic materials for creation.
- Local assets and resources are utilized which promotes the economic status of the country.
- There is an enormous contrast between traditional cultivating and natural cultivating.
- Crops harvested from traditional strategies are currently viewed as of lower quality when compared with the ones created from organic farming.
- If you want to know more about economic stability, go to the economic stability of organic farming.
HOW TO START YOUR OWN ORGANIC FARM?
- Starting an organic farm is a complicated process and there are many things that need to be understood.
- These include the location of the land, soil, crops that can be grown in that land, etc.
- Visit How to start your own organic farm to know more.
SCOPE OF ORGANIC FARMING:
The question arises, How much scope does organic farming have in India? The answer to this question is given below
- Including all of the total agricultural land in the world, only 0.4% is under organic cultivation.
- India ranks at the top in regards to the total number of organic farmers. In 2015, the export and domestic organic market of India grew by 30% and 40% respectively.
- Organic farming has seen a radical advancement in pretty much every crop type because of an increase in awareness of food security and ecological wellbeing.
- As per WHO, the complete worldwide organic food market as of now is around $37 billion. Natural plants and medications currently have a $14 billion market, which is expected to reach $5 trillion by the year 2050. As indicated by International Fund for Agriculture and Development (IFAD), India has in excess of 15,000 certified organic farmers.
- Organic farms are generally more profitable and harmless to the ecosystem, as it utilizes less synthetic substances and the residue has relatively fewer chemicals.
- It gives numerous natural advantages and conveys nutritious food.
- Increasing awareness among customers in non-metro cities is of utmost importance.
- This can be done by organizations working in the organic food business.
- Sikkim has 75,000 hectares of land under organic cultivation and therefore it is an organic state. Meghalaya also plans to convert 200,000 hectares of land into organic cultivation by the year 2030. In Kerala, the amount of people adopting organic farming practices amounts to more than 100,000.
VARIOUS SCHEMES PROVIDED BY INDIAN GOVERNMENT:
The Indian government has started promoting organic farming through various schemes under National Mission Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA) which are as follows:
- Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojna (PKVY)
- Organic Value Added Development (OVCDNER)
The Government has assigned about $730 for each hectare of land during the time of change for a period of 3 years. As a result, the Government of India additionally reported speculation of nearly $15 million towards natural market advancement and around $44 million for the participatory Guarantee Scheme (PGS).
FUTURE TRENDS WHICH YOU SHOULD LOOK FORWARD TO:
New innovations are being made every year. We can merge natural as well as man-made creations to improve efficiency.
Some of them are as follows:
- Refrigeration system powered by farm waste
- AI-based deep tech solutions
- Supply chain optimization platforms
- Pre-detection of pests diseases by using wearable plant phenomics device and many other innovations.
As time goes on, an increasing number of citizens are choosing a completely chemical-free lifestyle. Many new organic brands are coming up.
NGOs and organic food marketing companies have been spreading awareness related to organic farming which has made all of this possible.
- India has been self-sufficient in food staples for over 10 years now.
- Organic agriculture will prosper in India and will contribute to feeding 1.5 billion people by 2030 and has a growth rate of 25-30% per year.
- Organic farming is rapidly growing in India and investors agree that challenges do exist during this sector.
- Awareness and educational training about the benefits and the set-up of organic farming should spread to the farmers.
- Doing this will result in a positive economic outcome.
- This article gives a brief introduction to the question, How much scope does organic farming have in India.