Organic farming is also known as Organic agriculture is a type of farming where chemical fertilizers and pesticides are not used. In this farming, farmers are only allowed to use organic fertilizers. Organic fertilizers are fertilizers that are derived from animal matter, animal excreta, human excreta, rotten vegetables, leftover food.
Organic farming is not a new way of farming. It involves the use of technology of the modern era but in old traditional style. Organic farming had started at the end of the 18th century and then it keeps on evolving.
Advantages and Disadvantages Of Organic Farming:
What are the Advantages of Organic farming?
- Less ground, water, and air pollution
- We get nutritional food
- Increases soil nourishment
- Increase carbon sequestration
- Lower production cost
- Growing market opportunities
- Provide employment
Now let’s talk about the Advantages of organic farming in detail:
– Less ground, water, and air pollution
In organic farming, chemical pesticides and fertilizers are not used because of which leaching is not caused by soil. So it prevents ground pollution. In conventional farms, 60% of nitrates are leached into groundwater which makes water resources are contaminated.
In organic farming, water is not contaminated. As there is no spraying of chemicals are done in farms so there is no chance of getting air polluted.
– We get nutritional food
Organic farming produce food that contains sufficient amount of mineral, vitamins and other nutrients. Organically grown food is free from harmful chemicals. Food grown organically contains more amounts of fatty acids than food grown by the conventional method.
Organic foods lead to increase fertility and immunity in animals. So we can say it is better to give organic food to animals.
Organically grown food has a better taste and also has a better shelf life (it can be stored for a long period of time) than regular food.
Here are details on the health benefits of organic farming.
– Increases soil nourishment
As humus and other organic matter are used as fertilizers. Because of which the fertility of saline and degrade soil increases. Techniques such as crop rotation, intercropping, and green manuring increase beneficial organisms in the soil. In this type of farming important microbes and soil water holding capacity is increase.
– Increase carbon sequestration
As we know that carbon dioxide level has increase which causes many effects such as global warming and climate change. Carbon sequestration is a process of converting atmospheric carbon dioxide into soil organic carbon.
Organic farming sequestrates more amount of carbon than conventional farming. Research says that 402 kg of carbon is sequestrated in organic farming per hectors. While Conventional farming sequestrated 202 Kg of carbon.
– Lower production cost
Chemicals fertilizers and pesticides are not used in organic farming. Organic farming uses fertilizers made of humus and other organic matter. Organic fertilizers are cheaper than chemical fertilizers. So the cost of fertilizer is reduced. The soil has a better water holding capacity so the cost of water is reduced.
As the market of Organic food is growing it may help farmers to earn more amount of money at lesser production cost.
– Growing market opportunities
The market share of organically grown vegetables and fruits is increasing. People are preferring to eating organic foods and veggies rather than veggies grown by conventional farming.
– Provide employment
Organic farming mostly practices in rural areas. Thus it provides employment for poor people residing nearby. we can say that this farming will also boost the global economy.
After reading the advantages you may think of starting your own organic farm.
Thus we have covered all the advantages of organic farming. Now let’s talk about some disadvantages of organic farming.
What are the Disadvantages of organic farming?
- Lower productivity
- More labor-intensive
- Sills required
- Poor established and widespread
Now let’s talk about the Disadvantages of organic farming in detail:
– Lower productivity
This is the most common problem face by the farmer is its yield. The yield of organic farming is less when it is comparing to conventional or industrial farming.
– More labor-intensive
This type of farming required more labour because there are many biological, cultural, and mechanical practices. Labour is required for preparing organic manures. In developed countries where labour is not easily available, it’s difficult to manage this farming.
– Sills required
Organic farming requires skilled farmers as well as skilled Labour. Farmer should have knowledge of components used in organic farming. They should also have knowledge regarding diseases and treatment of diseases in eco-friendly ways.
The major disadvantage of organic farming is time-consuming. Preparation of organic manure, biological pesticides, crop management practices required more time than the general method of farming.
– Poor established and widespread
Many processes in organic farming are not fully established. Techniques are not widely spread. A social awareness campaign should be made
Thus these are all the Advantages and Disadvantages of organic farming. I wish you have got a clear idea about this topic. If you have any questions you are free to comment below.